Table 5

Six-month participant characteristics, stratified by baseline PSE

CharacteristicLevelsTotal responses by variableNo PSE=166PSE=62P value
6-month diagnostic status (%)No PSE14494 (87.9)20 (54.1)<0.001
PSE13 (12.1)17 (45.9)
Barthel median (IQR)15420.00 (18.00–20.00)20.00 (18.00–20.00)0.648, NS
HADS-Dep median (IQR)1494.00 (2.00–7.00)5.50 (3.00–7.00)0.074, NS
HADS-Anx median (IQR)1494.00 (1.00–8.00)7.00 (3.00–11.25)0.007
IES-R total median (IQR)1401.00 (0.00–10.50)12.00 (3.00–28.00)<0.001
IES-R avoidance median (IQR)1400.00 (0.00–3.50)4.00 (0.00–14.00)0.001
IES-R intrusion median (IQR)1400.00 (0.00–3.50)5.00 (1.00–9.00)<0.001
IES-R hyperarousal median (IQR)1400.00 (0.00–3.00)4.00 (1.00–7.00)<0.001
Social ties checklist
median (IQR)
1454.50 (4.00–6.00)4.00 (3.00–5.00)0.008
Euro-Qol EQ5D mobility (%)114938 (34.9)14 (35.0)0.715, NS
231 (28.4)9 (22.5)
327 (24.8)12 (30.0)
410 (9.2)5 (12.5)
53 (2.8)0 (0.0)
Euro-Qol EQ5D self care (%)114966 (60.6)24 (60.0)0.690, NS
229 (26.6)8 (20.0)
310 (9.2)6 (15.0)
43 (2.8)2 (5.0)
51 (0.9)0 (0.0)
Euro-Qol EQ5D usual activities (%)114931 (28.4)7 (17.5)0.150, NS
240 (36.7)15 (37.5)
320 (18.3)13 (32.5)
411 (10.1)5 (12.5)
57 (6.4)0 (0.0)
Euro-Qol EQ5D pain/discom (%)114943 (39.4)13 (32.5)0.764, NS
227 (24.8)11 (27.5)
316 (14.7)9 (22.5)
418 (16.5)5 (12.5)
55 (4.6)2 (5.0)
Euro-Qol EQ5D Anx/Dep (%)114962 (56.9)15 (37.5)0.041
226 (23.9)11 (27.5)
317 (15.6)7 (17.5)
42 (1.8)3 (7.5)
52 (1.8)4 (10.0)
  • HADS, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; IES-R, Impact of Events Scale-Revised; NS, not significant; PSE, poststroke emotionalism.