Table 4

Characteristics of baseline assessed participants, stratified by PSE diagnosis

CharacteristicLevelsTotal responses by variableNo PSEPSEP value
N of participants 166 62
Age at stroke median (IQR)22870.00 (59.00–77.75)58.50 (50.25–68.75)<0.001
Sex (%)Female22865 (39.2)33 (53.2)0.079, NS
Male101 (60.8)29 (46.8)
Education (%)Primary2203 (1.9)2 (3.4)0.322, NS
Secondary103 (64.0)45 (76.3)
University28 (17.4)6 (10.2)
Other24 (14.9)6 (10.2)
Unknown3 (1.9)0 (0.0)
Stroke typeInfarct228150 (90.4)59 (95.2)0.474, NS
Haemorrhage15 (9.0)3 (4.8)
Unknown1 (0.6)0 (0.0)
Stroke classification (%)Total Anterior Circulation Stroke (TACS)2208 (5.0)2 (3.4)0.577, NS
Partial Anterior Circulation Stroke (PACS)59 (36.6)17 (28.8)
Lacunar Stroke (LACS)53 (32.9)26 (44.1)
Posterior Circulation Stroke (POCS)40 (24.8)14 (23.7)
Unknown1 (0.6)0 (0.0)
NIHSS median (IQR)834.00 (1.00–5.00)3.00 (2.75–6.25)0.428, NS
Barthel median (IQR)22618.00 (15.00–20.00)18.00 (13.00–20.00)0.450, NS
AMT median (IQR)2249.00 (9.00–9.00)9.00 (8.00–9.00)0.076, NS
HADS Anx
median (IQR)
2254.00 (1.00–7.00)8.00 (4.00–12.00)<0.001
HADS Dep
median (IQR)
2253.00 (1.00–5.00)5.00 (3.00–9.00)<0.001
EQ5D mobility (%)122553 (32.3)17 (27.9)0.881, NS
254 (32.9)22 (36.1)
332 (19.5)10 (16.4)
410 (6.1)5 (8.2)
515 (9.1)7 (11.5)
EQ5D self care
(%)
122479 (48.5)28 (45.9)0.147, NS
257 (35.0)14 (23.0)
314 (8.6)9 (14.8)
49 (5.5)7 (11.5)
54 (2.5)3 (4.9)
EQ5D usual activities (%)122544 (26.8)12 (19.7)0.148
257 (34.8)16 (26.2)
326 (15.9)11 (18.0)
421 (12.8)9 (14.8)
516 (9.8)13 (21.3)
EQ5D pain/discom (%)122587 (53.0)30 (49.2)0.163
241 (25.0)15 (24.6)
324 (14.6)6 (9.8)
410 (6.1)6 (9.8)
52 (1.2)4 (6.6)
EQ5D Anx/Dep (%)1225114 (69.5)22 (36.1)<0.001
233 (20.1)18 (29.5)
314 (8.5)13 (21.3)
43 (1.8)3 (4.9)
50 (0.0)5 (8.2)
EQ5D overall health
median (IQR)
22570.00 (53.75–80.00)60.00 (50.00–70.00)0.007
  • AMT, Abbreviated Mental Test; HADS, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; NIHSS, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale; NS, not significant; PSE, poststroke emotionalism.