Table 3

Neurodegenerative disease outcomes among former international rugby players compared with that of a matched population comparison group

Former international rugby players
(n=412)
Matched population comparison group
(n=1236)
HR (95% CI)P value*
All NDD47 (11.4%)67 (5.4%)2.67 (1.67 to 4.27)<0.001
 Deaths32 (7.8%)39 (3.2%)2.60 (1.44 to 4.70)0.002
 Hospitalisation21 (5.1%)37 (3.0%)2.29 (1.19 to 4.41)0.013
 Prescribing NDD24 (5.8%)28 (2.3%)4.59 (2.14 to 9.82)<0.001
  • *Cox proportional hazards regression.

  • NDD, neurodegenerative diseases.